What is Microgynon, and how does it work?
Microgynon is an oral contraceptive tablet that contains both estrogen and progestin. Pregnancy is prevented by taking it regularly, although it may also be used to treat other disorders, such as heavy periods.
In the medical community, Microgynon is classified as a combination pill because it includes synthetic copies of two different female hormones: estrogen (ethinylestradiol) and progesterone (estradiol decanoate) (levonorgestrel). Microgynon comprises 30mcg of ethinylestradiol and 150mcg of levonorgestrel.
Currently, there are two significant varieties of Microgynon on the market:
- Microgynon 30: this is available in a 21-day pack, meaning you should take it every day for 21 days and then take a 7-day break.
- Microgynon 30 ED is available in a 28-day supply, which means you must take one tablet every day without missing a day.
Do the ingredients in Microgynon differ from those in other combination pills?
As with Levest and Rigevidon, Microgynon includes the same amount of levonorgestrel and ethinylestradiol as those medications. The only thing that distinguishes them is their brand names.
Other mixed tablets, such as Gedarel, include various synthetic hormones in various combinations. These tablets function similarly to the previous ones, but they employ different hormones that may be more acceptable for confident women.
What is the mechanism of action of Microgynon?
Microgynon works by delivering synthetic copies of the hormones estrogen and progesterone into your body, which helps to regulate your menstrual cycle. Pregnancy is prevented in three distinct ways by this method:
- Preventing ovulation from occurring so that your ovaries do not produce an egg each month
- The thickness of the fluid surrounding the neck of the womb is increased, which makes it more difficult for sperm to reach an egg.
- The thickness of the womb lining is being reduced, which means that any egg that does get fertilized will have a more difficult time implanting itself.
How long does it take Microgynon to start working?
You should take your first Microgynon tablet during the first five days of your menstrual cycle to be protected against pregnancy.
If you begin taking Microgynon on day six or later in your cycle, you will not be prevented from becoming pregnant while taking it. You might benefit from using extra protection, such as condoms, for seven days if you do so. It is necessary to utilize emergency contraception to avoid unwanted pregnancies if you have unprotected intercourse during this period.
What is the effectiveness of Microgynon?
When used as directed, Microgynon has been shown to be over 99 percent effective in preventing conception. Although many things might affect the efficacy of a tablet, such as missing doses or interactions with other drugs, being unwell can significantly influence its effectiveness. Based on these considerations, Microgynon has a success rate of around 91 percent in reality, which is comparable to other combination contraceptive tablets.
Microgynon dosage and administration
Microgynon is available in two distinct forms, each taken slightly differently.
Microgynon 30 pills are packaged in strips of 21 tablets. If you don’t take one tablet whole with water at the same time every day for seven days, you will experience a ‘withdrawal bleed,’ similar to your period. Likewise, if you don’t take one tablet whole with water simultaneously every day for seven days, you will experience a ‘withdrawal bleed,’ similar to your period.
Beginning after seven days and beginning on the same day each time, you will be protected against pregnancy both while taking the tablets and during your seven-day break from them.
Microgynon 30 ED is a gynecological instrument. Microgynon ED (Every Day) is a prescription medication that comprises fake tablets that do not contain any hormones. Because you are not taking a break, it is intended to make remembering to take your medicine more straightforward. The pills are packaged in strips of 28 tablets.
During the last seven days of your ribbon, you will take the dummy pills and experience what is similar to your period. You will be protected from pregnancy for the entire 28-day period by taking one tablet whole with water at the same time every day at the end of your strip; start your new one on the same day each time during the last seven days of your ribbon, you will be taking the dummy pills, and you will experience what is similar to your period.
When should I begin taking Microgynon? How often should I take it?
To be completely protected against pregnancy right away, it is suggested that you begin taking Microgynon during the first five days of your period to provide maximum protection. If you start taking Microgynon on the sixth day of your period or later in your cycle, you should utilize additional contraception for the next seven days.
To guarantee that you are entirely safeguarded against pregnancy, whether you are changing contraceptive pills or switching from a coil or injection, you should carefully follow the instructions provided by your doctor.
For women taking a combination pill, you should take Microgynon at the end of your strip or the conclusion of your active medications if you use a 28-day treatment regimen. However, you will not experience a bleed until the finale of the first strip of Microgynon, which means you will be safeguarded against pregnancy from the start.
For women who are already taking a small pill, it is recommended that you take Microgynon on the first day of your period, even if you have previously taken your tiny medication on that day. This is because you will be protected against pregnancy as soon as you wake up.
Would it be possible to take Microgynon without taking a break?
Yes, you may take Microgynon every day without needing to take a seven-day interval between doses. In certain circumstances, this strategy might be beneficial during very stressful times. However, according to the National Health Service, you should not do this for more than two packets unless you have talked to your doctor beforehand.
What should I do if I forget to take my Microgynon medication?
If you have missed one tablet or have started your new strip a day late, you should do the following:
To avoid pregnancy, take the missed pill as soon as you remember, even if this means taking two medications simultaneously. Then, continue taking the strip as usual, and you will be protected from pregnancy. However, if your strip expires within six days of you missing a pill, do not take the 7-day break, but instead, begin your new strip immediately.
Suppose you are using Microgynon 30 ED and the active pills expire within six days after skipping a dose. In that case, you should discard the inactive tablets and begin taking a fresh pack of Microgynon 30 ED when the active pills expire.
If you get unwell within 3 to 4 hours after taking your tablet or have diarrhea, it is possible that your body has not entirely absorbed the hormones, and you should treat yourself as if you have skipped a dosage. Continued vomiting and diarrhea should be addressed by seeking medical guidance to determine whether extra protection is necessary for your situation.
If you have forgotten to take two or more pills:
If you have had unprotected sex since missing your pill, you should use emergency contraception for the next seven days until you remember to take your medication as usual. If you have had unprotected sex since missing your pill, you should use additional contraception for the next seven days until you remember to take it.
Is it safe for me to use Microgynon to postpone my period?
Yes, you may take Microgynon pills back-to-back to prevent your period from starting. If you do this frequently, you should see your doctor.
Taking Microgynon 30 ED strips back-to-back will not cause your period to be delayed, since your period will occur during the final seven days of the strip if you do so.
Would it be possible to use Microgynon as an emergency contraceptive?
No, Microgynon is not a contraceptive that should be used in an emergency. This is because it works by preventing an egg from being fertilized in the first place, therefore preventing pregnancy. On the other hand, emergency oral contraception is designed to prevent pregnancy from forming during unprotected intercourse (potentially fertilizing an egg).
Is it safe to use Microgynon after having a miscarriage or having a termination?
However, it would be beneficial if you addressed this with your doctor in advance, but it is possible to begin taking the combination pill immediately after a miscarriage or termination.
Would it be OK for me to use Microgynon while I am breastfeeding?
When it comes to choosing a contraceptive pill to use while nursing, consulting your doctor is recommended because of the estrogen content of the combination pill, it is not generally suggested for nursing women.
Would it be OK for me to drink while taking Microgynon?
Yes, Microgynon does not have any interactions with alcoholic beverages.
Is it OK to use pain relievers when taking Microgynon?
Microgynon does not have any interactions with pain relievers.
Is Microgynon a safe product?
Microgynon is considered safe for most women to use, and it is one of the most regularly prescribed contraceptive tablets in the United Kingdom.
Microgynon, like other contraceptive tablets, has certain modest risks, and it may not be suggested for women with particular medical concerns, such as those who are pregnant or breastfeeding. However, a doctor has evaluated your medical situation and determined that Microgynon is an appropriate treatment choice if you have been prescribed Microgynon.
Consequences of using Microgynon
Likely, most women who use Microgynon will not have any adverse effects. Like with any drug, some individuals can have negative effects, but this is to be expected. The intensity of these symptoms might vary from person to person.
As your body becomes acclimated to the hormonal changes caused by Microgynon, side symptoms are more likely during the first three months of treatment. If you are experiencing side effects that significantly influence your life or do not subside after the first three months, you should see your doctor. They may advise you to switch to a different medication. You may communicate with your doctor by logging into your patient account.
In rare instances, using Microgynon might result in the formation of a blood clot. For example, stabbing chest discomfort, blood in the coughing fit, shortness of breath, sudden loss of vision, and inexplicable swelling or soreness in one or both legs are signs of a blood clot. If you have any of these symptoms, you should stop taking Microgynon immediately and seek medical attention immediately. The Patient Information Leaflet may find more information on recognizing a blood clot.
It has been reported that women using Microgynon have the following negative effects:
The following are the most common adverse effects (which may affect up to one in every ten women):
- Stomach discomfort/a sensation of being unwell;
- Breasts get more sensitive as their weight increases;
- Depression and mood swings are two types of mood disorders.
Uncommon adverse effects (which may occur in up to 1 in every 100 women) include:
- Migraines are a kind of headache (see a doctor if it is your first or is particularly severe);
- Retention of fluid (swollen hands, ankles, or feet);
- Decreased interest in sex;
- Diarrhea/being unwell/being sick;
- Rashes/hives enlargement of the breasts;
Rare side effects (may affect up to 1 in 1000 women):
- Changes in vaginal or nipple secretions;
- When using contact lenses, you may experience pain;
- A decrease in overall body mass;
- Rise in one’s urge to have sexual relations.
When women are using Microgynon, they talk about the following topics:
Can Microgynon be used to alleviate painful and heavy menstrual periods?
Yes, by balancing the hormones in your body, the combination tablet helps alleviate the discomfort and excessive bleeding associated with menstruation.
Is it true that Microgynon causes your breasts to grow?
Taking Microgynon might cause changes in the size of your breasts due to the hormonal changes that occur. However, this subsides typically after three months of taking the tablet.
Is Microgynon associated with an increased risk of blood clots?
Because Microgynon is a combination tablet, there is a minor increase in the likelihood that you may develop blood clots while using the integrated treatment instead of when you are not taking it. However, Microgynon occurs in around 5-7 out of every 10,000 women, which is considered low risk in general.
When you initially start using Microgynon (or continue it after a hiatus), the problem is more severe; however, after you stop taking Microgynon, your risk of getting a blood clot returns to average a few weeks after stopping the medication. You may be more likely to develop a blood clot if you have certain factors in your favor, such as an advanced age (being older than 35), a family history, being overweight, or having just given birth.
Always ensure that the doctor providing you Microgynon is aware of your personal health and family’s medical history before taking the medication.
Is Microgynon effective in the treatment of acne?
Acne may be controlled with the usage of Microgynon due to the hormonal changes resulting from the medication (the oily substance secreted onto your skin and can cause acne).
Is it possible for Microgynon to produce mood swings or depression?
Women have reported that using Microgynon might cause changes in mood or a feeling of being depressed due to the hormone changes in their bodies. The relationship between Microgynon and mood changes has not been proven or disproven. However, some women report that their mood swings improve within the first three months of using the medication.
Is it possible for Microgynon to cause weight gain or loss?
Taken together, there is no scientific evidence to suggest that taking the combination tablet causes you to gain or lose weight. Women who use Microgynon have reported weight fluctuations as a side effect, albeit this has not been proven.
Is it possible for Microgynon to diminish your libido?
Some women report the hormonal changes brought by taking Microgynon to impact their sex desire. If you are concerned that taking the pill will hurt your fertility, speak with your doctor, who may recommend trying a contraceptive pill that contains a different combination of hormones.
Is the Microgynon tablet effective in preventing periods?
There is no withdrawal period; instead, you take the active hormones for 21 days and then go into withdrawal for seven days before starting to retake active hormones. In both cases, this is true of Microgynon 30 and Microgynon 30 ED (which provides you with dummy pills for the 7-day break). In addition, the tablet Microgynon may halt periods if taken in a row (without a break), although this is not the typical medication approach.
Who shouldn’t take Microgynon?
However, because of the high levels of estrogen and progesterone in Microgynon, it is not suggested for women with specific medical disorders, such as diabetes. If this is the case for you, you may be advised to try the progesterone-only mini pill.
It is critical to inform the prescribing GP if you have any of the following conditions:
- if you smoke and are 35 or older, or
- if you quit smoking less than a year ago and are 35 or older, or
- if you are overweight and fear you could be pregnant, or
- if you are nursing, or
- if you are planning to undergo an operation that will keep you off your feet for an extended time;
- have or have had blood clots in a vein (e.g., your leg or lungs);
- have or have had problems with your blood clotting or a family history of blood clots;
- have or have had a stroke;
- have or have had a heart abnormality;
- have or have had severe migraines;
- have or have had breast cancer;
- have or have had gallbladder or liver disease;
- have or have had diabetes;
- have or have had very high blood pressure;
- have or have had high blood pressure.
Would it be OK for me to use Microgynon if I take other medications?
Precautions should be taken before using Microgynon if you are taking any medications or herbal supplements. If you are currently using Microgynon and are then given another medicine, you should inform your doctor of this as soon as possible. This is because interactions between Microgynon and other drugs or supplements may make it less effective overall.
Medicines used to treat the following disorders may interfere with Microgynon’s ability to perform its functions properly:
- infection with HIV;
- infection with the hepatitis C virus and associated infectious illnesses;
- the presence of elevated blood pressure in the pulmonary blood vessels;
- depression is a state of mind.
What are the dangers of using Microgynon medication?
If you have been prescribed Microgynon by a doctor, you should feel comfortable using it. However, it should be noted that, as with any combination oral contraceptive pill, there are elevated risks connected with using them.
The estrogen in Microgynon may cause blood to clot more rapidly, resulting in deep vein thrombosis (a clot in your leg), pulmonary embolism (a lump in your lung), stroke, or heart attack. The risk of Microgynon is modest (between 5-7 women out of 10,000); however, it is increased when compared to women who do not use any oral contraception (such as birth control pills) (2 out of 10,000 women). Within a few weeks of ceasing to use Microgynon for the first time, the risk begins to decline again and recovers to normal levels within a year.
Cancer: According to the study, taking the combination tablet might marginally raise the chance of getting breast and cervical cancers. The risk increases with the time you take the tablet, and increases further if you have a family history of breast cancer or are obese. After you stop taking the pill, your chance of getting breast cancer returns to normal after ten years.
Microgynon Frequently Asked Questions
Is there a best contraceptive pill that you can use?
There are many various tablets accessible, each of which is moderately different. Therefore, while there is no such thing as a “best contraceptive pill,” certain pills may be more effective for you than others, and others may not be suited for you. In addition, the hormones in each tablet are partially different and, in some cases, in different doses, so choosing the optimum pill for you may need some trial and error under the supervision of a medical professional.
Read our physicians’ guidance on choosing the best contraceptive pill for you if you need help determining which medication is ideal for you.
Is it possible that the pill may cause me to bleed between periods?
Bleeding between periods is a negative effect that certain contraceptive tablets, particularly the mini pill, may experience. This is not generally a symptom of anything wrong and is not damaging to your health, other than the pain and annoyance it may cause you. However, bleeding between periods is usually a transitory adverse effect of the pill, and it usually gets better within the first few months as your body becomes used to it.
So, if the bleeding does not cease after a couple of months, or if it is very severe or concerning, you should contact your doctor immediately to rule out any other possibilities. For more information, you may read our physicians’ recommendations on how the pill might influence your bleeding.
Taking the tablet prevented me from getting my period. Is it possible that I’m pregnant?
Because the pill is over 99 percent successful, it is very improbable that you will get pregnant if you follow the directions on the bottle. If you are not getting your period, this does not always imply that you are expecting. Some medicines, particularly the tiny pill, might lead you to miss or postpone your period or even cause you to stop having them altogether.
Read on for our experts’ recommendations on determining if you are pregnant while taking the pill and what you can do to avoid becoming pregnant.
Would it be possible for me to switch to a different pill?
There are many various types of contraceptive pills available. If you discover that the medication you are now taking isn’t good for you, there are many alternatives to consider. You should consult your doctor before switching to a new medication to be safe. They can advise you on which drug to use and how to transition medications properly. Our physicians’ recommendations on switching contraceptive tablets may be more information.
Would it be possible to gain weight while taking the pill?
Even though some women claim to have gained weight while on the pill, no clinical evidence supports this claim, however, estrogen may cause you to retain more water, and progesterone can cause you to become more hungry, which can result in you gaining weight. If you are keen to learn more about weight gain and the pill, check out what our physicians have to say about it.
How long will it take for a woman to get pregnant after taking the pill?
It is unknown if using the contraceptive pill will have a long-term effect on your fertility; thus, your fertility levels should return to normal within a few months after discontinuing the medication. Therefore, getting pregnant as soon as you stop using the pill is possible. However, some women may find that their periods do not return to normal for many months after stopping the medication.
What is the mechanism of action of birth control pills?
Even though there are many different pills, they all operate similarly to prevent pregnancy. For example, using the contraceptive pill, you can avoid pregnancy by preventing your ovaries from releasing an egg (ovulation), increasing the thickness of the fluid surrounding the neck of the womb to prevent sperm from reaching an egg, and making the lining of the womb thinner to make it more difficult for any fertilized eggs to implant. For additional details on how the pill works, continue reading.
What is the effectiveness of the pill?
All contraceptive pills are equally effective in preventing pregnancy, and they are more than 99 percent effective in preventing pregnancy in some cases. On the other hand, things like forgetting to take a tablet, vomiting, or having diarrhea quickly after taking it might make it less effective. Considering this, the tablet is around 91 percent effective in practice.
What should I do if I forget to take a pill?
Whenever you miss a pill, you should first take it as soon as you recall and continue with your regular schedule for the following tablet, even if it means taking two drugs simultaneously. Sometimes, depending on the kind of pill you take (combined or mini medication) and when you missed a tablet in your cycle, you may no longer be protected against pregnancy and need additional contraception. Read our physicians’ advice on what to do if you forget to take a medication.
Would it be possible to take antibiotics while on the pill?
Most antibiotics have no interaction with the pill and will not make it less effective. However, in some instances, less common antibiotics may be effective, so always inform your doctor if you take the tablet when they give you antibiotics to avoid any complications. Furthermore, certain antibiotics, such as those that cause vomiting or diarrhea, might indirectly influence the efficacy of the tablet.
If you are taking antibiotics regularly or want to start taking them, see your doctor beforehand to ensure that they will not interfere with other medications. More information may be found in our physicians’ recommendations on whether you should take the tablet and antibiotics.